Xyelodontophis uluguruensis BROADLEY & WALLACH, 2002
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Xyelodontophis uluguruensis?
|Higher Taxa||Colubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Dagger-tooth Vine Snake|
|Synonym||Xyelodontophis uluguruensis BROADLEY & WALLACH 2002|
Xyelodontophis uluguruensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 804
Thelotornis uluguruensis — EIMERMACHER 2012
Xyelodontophis uluguruensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 509
Type locality: Lupanga Peak, Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania (06° 52’ S, 37° 43’ E).
|Types||Holotype: NMZB 7443|
|Diagnosis||DIAGNOSIS: A member of the tribe Dispholidini, differing from the other genera in the development of strongly curved rear maxillary teeth, which have sharp flanges anteriorly and posteriorly and narrow at the base, hence the name Xyelodontophis = Dagger-tooth Snake. Both species of Rhamnophis also have dagger-shaped rear maxillary teeth, but they are less well developed and the teeth taper from base to tip, while Thelotornis and Dispholidus have large deeply grooved rear fangs. The new genus agrees with Thrasops and Thelotornis in having a shalowly forked ectopterygoid bone, whereas Rhamnophis and Dispholidus have a deeply forked ectopterygoid. In general form and scalation the new snake agrees with Thelotornis, but it lacks the distinctive horizontal pupil of that genus.|
|Comment||Synonymy: Eimermacher 2012 found that Xyelodontophis nests within Thelotornis in his unpublished thesis and thus suggested to synonymize the two.|
Type species: Xyelodontophis uluguruensis BROADLEY & WALLACH 2002 is the type species of the genus Xyelodontophis BROADLEY & WALLACH 2002.
Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).
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